The town of Peschici
Peschici is an Italian town of 5,000 inhabitants in the province of Foggia in Puglia.
It’s a popular seaside resort in the Gargano. And it’s situated on the northern tip of the Gargano, and overlooking the coast from Rodi Garganico and Vieste. Towards the horizon, you can see the Tremiti Islands and Pelagosa.
In recent years, has emerged as a popular seaside resort of the Gargano, for the quality of its beaches and excellent bathing, which led her to obtain repeatedly awarded the Blue Flag, a prestigious recognition of the Foundation for Environmental Education.
Peschici is located on the top of an imposing cliff, rising for more than a hundred meters on the Adriatic, and commands one of the most extraordinary and beautiful bays in Italy. The Bay of Peschici suddenly appears to the visitor that comes from Rodi Garganico, the village is a blinding white which is, together with views of the bay, one of the most typical of Puglia.
The old town of Peschici climbs from the harbor up to the fortifications of the Swabian castle. Within the country, these streets, hidden squares, cohorts, steep stairs, narrow passages, arches and white houses, typical of the Apulian coast.
The coast becomes more complex and high, with bays that alternate with cliffs, coves and small sandy and pebbly beaches, often accessible only by sea alternate moving the green coastal landscape, the pine forest it goes sometimes right on the beach and pine trees go on white cliffs and rocks. The sea is clear and warm, makes you want to dive into rich fishing grounds and are well suited to fishing.
Near Peschici, we find the famous Gargano National Park, which extends over 120,000 hectares combines the coast to the mountains, including oasis of wildlife protection established by the Region of Puglia.
To see: the “trabucchi”
The Trabucchi have a typical presence on the coast of Peschici, of which there are seven, the only “trabbuchisti” still alive and able to build a trabucco reside in Peschici and are headed by the Family Ottaviano and Fasanella. The Trabucchi are architecturally very complex, made of wooden poles that are intertwined with wires and pulleys, they are a very effective tool, especially on our coast, fishing for fish passage. Their method is simple and consists in a large network in the sea bag supported by a variety of antennas, of these you place a lookout from which he can see the arrival of the school of fish and at its signal the present persons on the Trabucco start spinning on a wheel through a dense and complex network of wires and pulleys up the cod from the sea and imprisons bunch of fish. This fishery has been practiced for a long time and takes advantage of the migration of schools of fish from north to south Adriatic. Today many Trabucchi have become very typical restaurants where you can taste the fish after fishing.
To see: the towers
From the beginning the story of Peschici is deeply tied to the sea and its dangers. The village was founded, in fact, in the eleventh century by a handful of Slavs soldiers sent to the area from Ottone I to deal with the threat of the Saracens. In memory of a centuries-old history of attacks and raids are now some coastal towers erected in the second half of the sixteenth century to defend the land from pirates and corsairs.
The forts are raised on high cliffs overlooking the sea, in panoramic location with respect to the Adriatic: the location is strategic and functional sighting and reporting of enemy ships. The towers have a quadrangular base and have the shape of truncated pyramid; access was from the side facing the mountains by means of folding wood stairs, subsequently replaced by fix stone ramps.
The slits, which also acted as windows, were open in the side walls. Each tower had to be visible from the other two towers: the warning by day of impending raids took place by means of smoke signals, at night by means of fire signals or using the sound of bells or horns. Sometimes they were also sent messengers on horseback to warn the local population.
Among the surviving towers the most famous is that of Monte Pucci that offers its visitors a magnificent view. The tower, perched on the high limestone rock, wrapped by the scent of pine mixed with that of the myrtle, lost the original crown and as the others in the area has very small size that attest to the function of defensive.